The ‘Intelligent’ People and ‘The Void’

On ‘Being Human’:  A Spiritual Capability?

This article below is Only about ‘Religion and Atheism’. It Ignores the existence of the Human Spiritual Capability, and The Fundamental Spiritual Needs that define ‘Being Human‘:

Here is what ‘The Intelligent’ Think and Say

Is this why Stephen Hawking is an atheist?
Intelligent people can overcome the ‘instinct’ of religion, experts claim
  • Researchers believe that religion should considered an ‘instinct’ that evolved
  • Intelligent people are able to rise above these ‘instincts’ to become atheists
  • Famous atheists include Alan Turing, Roslind Franklin and Neil deGrasse Tyson 

From Stephen Hawking to Alan Turing, many of the most intelligent people in the world are atheists.

In the hope of understanding the link between intelligence and religion, researchers have created a model based on historical evidence and a recent survey.

The findings suggest that religion should be considered an instinct, with intelligence the ability to rise above one’s instincts.

From Stephen Hawking to Alan Turing, many of the most intelligent people in the world are atheists. Hawking famously said: ‘Science can explain the universe, we don’t need God to explain why there is something rather than nothing'”

IS RELIGION AN INSTINCT? 

The researchers argue that religion should be seen as a separate evolved domain or instinct, whereas intelligence allows people to rise above their instincts.

Rising above instincts is advantageous, because it helps people to solve problems.

The team also investigated the link between instinct and stress. They suggest that being intelligent helps people during stressful times to rise above their instincts.

Researchers from the Ulster Institute for Social Research and Rotterdam University were interested in understanding whether religion is something that evolved, or is instinctive.

The team created a model, called the Intelligence-Mismatch Association Model, which tries to explain why intelligence seems to be negatively associated with being religious.

Their model is based on the ideas of evolutionary psychologist Satoshi Kanazawa’s Savanna-IQ Principle. This principle indicates that human behaviour will always be somehow anchored in the environment in which their ancestors developed.

The researchers argue that religion should be seen as a separate evolved domain or instinct, whereas intelligence allows people to rise above their instincts.

Rising above instincts is advantageous, because it helps people to solve problems.

Edward Dutton, co-lead author of the study, which is published in Evolutionary Psychological Science, said: ‘If religion is an evolved domain then it is an instinct, and intelligence – in rationally solving problems – can be understood as involving overcoming instinct and being intellectually curious and thus open to non-instinctive possibilities.’

The researchers also investigated the link between instinct and stress. They suggest that being intelligent helps people during stressful times to rise above their instincts.

Mr Dutton said: ‘If religion is indeed an evolved domain – an instinct – then it will become heightened at times of stress, when people are inclined to act instinctively, and there is clear evidence for this.

ATHEIST INTELLECTUALS 

Hawking, known for his work into the basic laws which govern the universe.

He has made his disbelief in God very clear, and famously said: ‘Science can explain the universe, we don’t need God to explain why there is something rather than nothing.’

Turing, has been called the ‘founder of computer science and artificial intelligence’ and was famous for his work at Bletchley Park. He believed in God as a teenager. But he let go of his religion when a friend died of tuberculosis and he decided materialism made more sense than religion.

Rosalin Franklin’s work was critical in Watson and Crick’s discovery of the DNA double helix structure. In one of her letters, she said: ‘I maintain that faith in this world is perfectly possible without faith in another world.’

deGrasse Tyson is an American astrophysicist and science communicator. He describes himself as agnostic, rather than an atheist. In a recent interview, he said: ‘I remain unconvinced by any claims anyone has ever made about the existence or the power of a divine force operating in the universe.’ Edison

Edison has been described as one of the US’s greatest inventors, and is best known for his invention of the light bulb in 1879. He famously said: ‘I have never seen the slightest scientific proof of the religious ideas of heaven and hell, of future life for individuals, or of a personal God.’ ‘It also means that intelligence allows us to able to pause and reason through the situation and the possible consequences of our actions.’

The researchers believe that people who are attracted to the non-instinctive are potentially better problem solvers. Dimitri Van der Linden, co-author of the study added: ‘This is important, because in a changing ecology, the ability to solve problems will become associated with rising above our instincts, rendering us attracted to evolutionary mismatches.’

Intelligence should not be confused with Being A Full Human.  One who is fully developed in their Five Fundamental Human Capabilities:   The Rational, Emotional, Relationship, Physical, and Spiritual, Capabilities.

Just like our Five Senses, each Capability is a Single, standalone ‘Sense’, not amalgam of others. Just like our Five Senses,wWe need to be able to draw on all Five at different times, and sometimes all togther, to Live as Intensely as Humans, were designed to Live.

Science and its focus on Rational Capability as the